Category Archives: OKC bombing

One reason first responders get a love letter from me? Because a kid whose first birthday was yesterday doesn’t stand a chance against the force of 4,000 pounds of TNT

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PLEASE NOTE: Excerpts from, and link to, The Oklahoma Department of Emergency Management’s After Action Report have been added to this blogpost, effective 4 May 2019. 

The Oklahoma City Fire Department has responded to numerous hazmat incidents, the largest being the bombing of the Murrah Federal Building. The blast from a 4,800-pound mixture of ammonium nitrate, nitro methane and fuel oil destroyed one-third of the nine-story building. The blast was heard 16 miles away and registered 3.2 on the Richter Scale 16.1 miles away. Destruction and property damage occurred to 324 buildings in a 16-block radius around the Murrah building and shattered glass in another 258 buildings. Eighty-six cars in the area were burned or destroyed by the blast pressure.

Robert Burke. Hazmat Studies: Oklahoma City, Before & After the Bombing. Firehouse.com. 1 May 2018. https://www.firehouse.com/rescue/hazardous-materials/article/20997241/response-to-oklahoma-city-bombing

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The car bomb that destroyed a nine-story federal office building here Wednesday exploded directly under a day-care center on the structure’s second floor and badly damaged another baby-sitting facility in a nearby YMCA. Of the approximately 40 children thought to have been in the building when the bomb went off, at least 12 are dead and about 26 were listed as missing late Wednesday night. The dead ranged in age from 1 to 7 years old. Some of them were burned beyond recognition. One of the children known to have survived was in surgery Wednesday evening and the other was in an intensive-care facility.

The Slaughter of the Innocents : Victims: ‘We could hear children crying,’ a Red Cross worker says. https://www.latimes.com/archives/la-xpm-1995-04-20-mn-56815-story.html

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The bombing of the Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City occurred on 19 April 1995, which was a Wednesday. When my wife, daughter, and I made it to the site that Saturday, the perimeter fence was, at least to the North, still many blocks from where the Murrah building and America’s Kids daycare had stood just days earlier. But even outside that fence, damaged structures and destroyed vehicles could be seen, seemingly everywhere. From the fence line, rescue personnel appeared small against a bizarre behemoth of tangled concrete and steel. It would be more than a month before the last three bodies would be found, following demolition of the 9-story federal building.

The Oklahoma Department of Emergency Management after action report is available for download at:

https://www.ok.gov/OEM/documents/Bombing%20After%20Action%20Report.pdf

The Executive Summary of that report and that same report’s activity log covering Wednesday, 19 April, through Saturday, 22 April, are excerpted for the reader’s convenience and appear at the end of this blogpost.

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Responding to Terrorism Victims: Oklahoma City and Beyond. Office of Justice Programs, U. S. Department of Justice. https://www.ovc.gov/pdftxt/NCJ183949.pdf

 

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FEMA 277, The Oklahoma City Bombing Report (1996) | FEMA.gov

https://www.fema.gov/media-library/assets/documents/1967

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THOUGHTS ON A VISIT TO GROUND ZERO OKC BEFORE ALL THE DEAD WERE FOUND: A LOVE LETTER TO OUR FIRST RESPONDERS

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https://combatresearchandprose.com/2019/05/01/thoughts-on-a-visit-to-ground-zero-okc-before-all-the-dead-were-found-a-love-letter-to-our-first-responders/

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I brought my wife and child to this killing field while the perimeter fence was still many blocks away from the blast site and while our first responders were still recovering the bodies and parts of bodies that had not long before been men and women, sons and daughters. Parents and grandparents.

Infants.

It would not be too long until we moved to Oklahoma City and my duties as a lawyer for the accused frequently brought me to the federal courthouse that’s at the top of the above image. And, depending on where I parked, I might cross hallowed ground to get there. But there were other times that I came here – and I will go again – when the daylight was not yet standing watch. Times when I asked God why He wasn’t in Oklahoma City that April day.

Over the weekend, I wrote a love letter to those whose job it is to pick up the pieces.

FIVE FINGER DEATH PUNCH – BLUE ON BLACK – PROCEEDS FROM THIS SONG TO BE DONATED TO THE GARY SINISE FOUNDATION TO BENEFIT FIRST RESPONDERS: NYC – OKC MASHUP

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https://combatresearchandprose.com/2019/04/29/five-finger-death-punch-blue-on-black-proceeds-from-this-song-to-be-donated-to-the-gary-sinise-foundation-to-benefit-first-responders-nyc-okc-mashup/

 

 

From the daily activity summary of the ODCEM After Action Report: 0902: An explosion occurs in downtown Oklahoma City at the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building. Oklahoma City Fire Station One responds immediately, reacting to the sound.

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PLEASE NOTE: contained in this updated and renamed blogpost, effective 5 May 2019, are excerpts from – and links to – the following:

  • Oklahoma Department of Civil Emergency Management’s Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building Bombing After Action Report

  • FEMA 277, The Oklahoma City Bombing Report

  • Responding to Terrorism Victims: Oklahoma City and Beyond. Office of Justice Programs, U. S. Department of Justice; and

  • Robert Burke. Hazmat Studies: Oklahoma City, Before & After the Bombing. Firehouse.com. 1 May 2018.

“The Oklahoma City Fire Department has responded to numerous hazmat incidents, the largest being the bombing of the Murrah Federal Building. The blast from a 4,800-pound mixture of ammonium nitrate, nitro methane and fuel oil destroyed one-third of the nine-story building. The blast was heard 16 miles away and registered 3.2 on the Richter Scale 16.1 miles away. Destruction and property damage occurred to 324 buildings in a 16-block radius around the Murrah building and shattered glass in another 258 buildings. Eighty-six cars in the area were burned or destroyed by the blast pressure.”

Robert Burke. Hazmat Studies: Oklahoma City, Before & After the Bombing. Firehouse.com. 1 May 2018. https://www.firehouse.com/rescue/hazardous-materials/article/20997241/response-to-oklahoma-city-bombing

 

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MARATHON

 

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The car bomb that destroyed a nine-story federal office building here Wednesday exploded directly under a day-care center on the structure’s second floor and badly damaged another baby-sitting facility in a nearby YMCA. Of the approximately 40 children thought to have been in the building when the bomb went off, at least 12 are dead and about 26 were listed as missing late Wednesday night. The dead ranged in age from 1 to 7 years old. Some of them were burned beyond recognition. One of the children known to have survived was in surgery Wednesday evening and the other was in an intensive-care facility.

The Slaughter of the Innocents : Victims: ‘We could hear children crying,’ a Red Cross worker says. https://www.latimes.com/archives/la-xpm-1995-04-20-mn-56815-story.html

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The bombing of the Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City occurred on Wednesday, 19 April 1995. I was finishing up my second year of law school at the University of Tulsa, approximately 100 miles away. When my wife, daughter, and I made it to Ground Zero OKC that Saturday, the perimeter fence was, at least to the North, still many blocks from where the Murrah building and America’s Kids daycare had stood just days earlier. But even outside that fence, damaged structures and destroyed vehicles could be seen, seemingly everywhere. From the fence line, rescue personnel appeared small against a bizarre behemoth of tangled concrete and steel. It would be more than a month before the last three bodies would be found, following demolition of the 9-story federal building.

The Oklahoma Department of Emergency Management After Action Report is available for download at:

https://www.ok.gov/OEM/documents/Bombing%20After%20Action%20Report.pdf

The Executive Summary of that report and that same report’s activity log covering Wednesday, 19 April, through Saturday, 22 April, are excerpted for the reader’s convenience and appear at the end of this blogpost.

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Responding to Terrorism Victims: Oklahoma City and Beyond. Office of Justice Programs, U. S. Department of Justice. https://www.ovc.gov/pdftxt/NCJ183949.pdf

 

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FEMA 277, The Oklahoma City Bombing Report (1996) | FEMA.gov

https://www.fema.gov/media-library/assets/documents/1967

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The following is excerpted, verbatim, from the Executive Summary contained in the Oklahoma Dept of Civil Emergency Management’s After Action Report.

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The following is excerpted, verbatim, from the Detailed Summary of Daily Activity contained in the Oklahoma DCEM After Action Report.

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Previously released content from this writer re first responders at OKC and NYC:

THOUGHTS ON A VISIT TO GROUND ZERO OKC BEFORE ALL THE DEAD WERE FOUND: A LOVE LETTER TO OUR FIRST RESPONDERS

https://combatresearchandprose.com/2019/05/01/thoughts-on-a-visit-to-ground-zero-okc-before-all-the-dead-were-found-a-love-letter-to-our-first-responders/

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(Following is taken from the post immediately above:)

I brought my wife and child to this killing field while the perimeter fence was still many blocks away from the blast site and while our first responders were still recovering the bodies and parts of bodies that had not long before been men and women, sons and daughters. Parents and grandparents.

Infants.

It would not be too long until we moved to Oklahoma City and my duties as a lawyer for the accused frequently brought me to the federal courthouse that’s at the top of the above image. And, depending on where I parked, I might cross hallowed ground to get there. But there were other times that I came here – and I will go again – when the daylight was not yet standing watch. Times when I asked God why He wasn’t in Oklahoma City that April day.

Over the weekend, I wrote a love letter to those whose job it is to pick up the pieces.

 

FIVE FINGER DEATH PUNCH – BLUE ON BLACK – PROCEEDS FROM THIS SONG TO BE DONATED TO THE GARY SINISE FOUNDATION TO BENEFIT FIRST RESPONDERS: NYC – OKC MASHUP

https://combatresearchandprose.com/2019/04/29/five-finger-death-punch-blue-on-black-proceeds-from-this-song-to-be-donated-to-the-gary-sinise-foundation-to-benefit-first-responders-nyc-okc-mashup/

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“As a lamb that is led to the slaughter, and as a sheep that before its shearers is dumb, so he opened not his mouth”: meet the lambs slaughtered at Ground Zero Oklahoma City

 

 

 

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Located just south of the Field of Empty Chairs, above the underground parking garage, is the raised Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building Plaza. The plaza was an original part of the federal building, and contained garden and seating areas, as well as the second floor daycare playground. Visitors to the Memorial may still access the plaza, and the flagpole from which flies the American flag is the original flagpole that was in place on April 19, 1995.”

Wikipedia article: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfred_P._Murrah_Federal_Building

*Primary image attribution for photographs of search and rescue activities on 19 April 1995 is to AP photographers whose works appear as part of a photo series at NWITIMES.com and which can be accessed at the link below. Image of the children’s playground courtesy National Park Service. To the extent that images of children killed in the Murrah Building bombing as well as other images are not otherwise attributed these are used pursuant to open-source and/or non-commercial fair use standards. The biographical content that accompanies each of the children’s photos accompanies a photo spread in a 15 May 1995 People Magazine cover story by Bill Hewitt titled “April Mourning.”  Composite images are creations of this author.

NWITIMES Gallery, “remembering the Oklahoma City Bombing”:

https://www.nwitimes.com/digital/photos/gallery-remembering-the-oklahoma-city-bombing/collection_7c044120-f597-5b48-abd1-2c36f17437e7.html#4

 

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Following is excerpted, without edit, from Robert Dvorchak. Day Care Disaster ‘Beyond Comprehension.’ AP News. 26 April 1995.

https://www.apnews.com/509829f81a87ba7b02e97b89ae23c043

OKLAHOMA CITY (AP) _ At 7 a.m., children began arriving at the America’s Kids day care center, their parents kissing them goodbye before heading off to work.

Twenty-one children were dropped off April 19. When owner Melva Noakes telephoned at 8:50 a.m., four babies _ all less than a year old _ had been tucked into cribs next to a window.

The older kids were finishing breakfast in their classrooms. Honeynut Cheerios, peaches and milk were most in demand. Other kids had eggs, toast and jelly.

Then, at 9:02 a.m., 4,800 pounds of explosives detonated outside the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building.

Blast waves slammed into the day care center on the second floor. The top seven floors collapsed onto the center in a smoking heap.

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From American Warrior Radio: The Oklahoma City bombing was a catalyst that drove Firefighter Chris Fields to finally deal with the demons accumulated after several decades of witnessing human suffering.

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American Warrior Radio 13 January 2019 podcast interview with retired Oklahoma City Fireman Chris Fields follows this overview re added content

PLEASE NOTE: contained in this updated and renamed blogpost, effective 5 May 2019, are excerpts from – and links to – the following:

  • Oklahoma Department of Civil Emergency Management’s Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building Bombing After Action Report

  • FEMA 277, The Oklahoma City Bombing Report

  • Responding to Terrorism Victims: Oklahoma City and Beyond. Office of Justice Programs, U. S. Department of Justice; and

  • Robert Burke. Hazmat Studies: Oklahoma City, Before & After the Bombing. Firehouse.com. 1 May 2018.

“The Oklahoma City Fire Department has responded to numerous hazmat incidents, the largest being the bombing of the Murrah Federal Building. The blast from a 4,800-pound mixture of ammonium nitrate, nitro methane and fuel oil destroyed one-third of the nine-story building. The blast was heard 16 miles away and registered 3.2 on the Richter Scale 16.1 miles away. Destruction and property damage occurred to 324 buildings in a 16-block radius around the Murrah building and shattered glass in another 258 buildings. Eighty-six cars in the area were burned or destroyed by the blast pressure.”

Robert Burke. Hazmat Studies: Oklahoma City, Before & After the Bombing. Firehouse.com. 1 May 2018. https://www.firehouse.com/rescue/hazardous-materials/article/20997241/response-to-oklahoma-city-bombing

 

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American Warrior Radio interview: “The Oklahoma City bombing was a catalyst that drove Firefighter Chris Fields to finally deal with the demons accumulated after several decades of witnessing human suffering.”

https://americanwarriorradio.com/wp-content/uploads/shows/American-Warrior-Radio-2019-01-12-Chrisfields.mp3

https://americanwarriorradio.com/awr_shows/oklahoma-city-firefighter-chris-fields/

 

 

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MARATHON

 

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The car bomb that destroyed a nine-story federal office building here Wednesday exploded directly under a day-care center on the structure’s second floor and badly damaged another baby-sitting facility in a nearby YMCA. Of the approximately 40 children thought to have been in the building when the bomb went off, at least 12 are dead and about 26 were listed as missing late Wednesday night. The dead ranged in age from 1 to 7 years old. Some of them were burned beyond recognition. One of the children known to have survived was in surgery Wednesday evening and the other was in an intensive-care facility.

The Slaughter of the Innocents : Victims: ‘We could hear children crying,’ a Red Cross worker says. https://www.latimes.com/archives/la-xpm-1995-04-20-mn-56815-story.html

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The bombing of the Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City occurred on Wednesday, 19 April 1995. I was finishing up my second year of law school at the University of Tulsa, approximately 100 miles away. When my wife, daughter, and I made it to Ground Zero OKC that Saturday, the perimeter fence was, at least to the North, still many blocks from where the Murrah building and America’s Kids daycare had stood just days earlier. But even outside that fence, damaged structures and destroyed vehicles could be seen, seemingly everywhere. From the fence line, rescue personnel appeared small against a bizarre behemoth of tangled concrete and steel. It would be more than a month before the last three bodies would be found, following demolition of the 9-story federal building.

The Oklahoma Department of Emergency Management After Action Report is available for download at:

https://www.ok.gov/OEM/documents/Bombing%20After%20Action%20Report.pdf

The Executive Summary of that report and that same report’s activity log covering Wednesday, 19 April, through Saturday, 22 April, are excerpted for the reader’s convenience and appear at the end of this blogpost.

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Responding to Terrorism Victims: Oklahoma City and Beyond. Office of Justice Programs, U. S. Department of Justice. https://www.ovc.gov/pdftxt/NCJ183949.pdf

 

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FEMA 277, The Oklahoma City Bombing Report (1996) | FEMA.gov

https://www.fema.gov/media-library/assets/documents/1967

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The following is excerpted, verbatim, from the Executive Summary contained in the Oklahoma Dept of Civil Emergency Management’s After Action Report.

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The following is excerpted, verbatim, from the Detailed Summary of Daily Activity contained in the Oklahoma DCEM After Action Report.

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Previously released content from this writer re first responders at OKC and NYC:

THOUGHTS ON A VISIT TO GROUND ZERO OKC BEFORE ALL THE DEAD WERE FOUND: A LOVE LETTER TO OUR FIRST RESPONDERS

https://combatresearchandprose.com/2019/05/01/thoughts-on-a-visit-to-ground-zero-okc-before-all-the-dead-were-found-a-love-letter-to-our-first-responders/

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(Following is taken from the post immediately above:)

I brought my wife and child to this killing field while the perimeter fence was still many blocks away from the blast site and while our first responders were still recovering the bodies and parts of bodies that had not long before been men and women, sons and daughters. Parents and grandparents.

Infants.

It would not be too long until we moved to Oklahoma City and my duties as a lawyer for the accused frequently brought me to the federal courthouse that’s at the top of the above image. And, depending on where I parked, I might cross hallowed ground to get there. But there were other times that I came here – and I will go again – when the daylight was not yet standing watch. Times when I asked God why He wasn’t in Oklahoma City that April day.

Over the weekend, I wrote a love letter to those whose job it is to pick up the pieces.

 

FIVE FINGER DEATH PUNCH – BLUE ON BLACK – PROCEEDS FROM THIS SONG TO BE DONATED TO THE GARY SINISE FOUNDATION TO BENEFIT FIRST RESPONDERS: NYC – OKC MASHUP

https://combatresearchandprose.com/2019/04/29/five-finger-death-punch-blue-on-black-proceeds-from-this-song-to-be-donated-to-the-gary-sinise-foundation-to-benefit-first-responders-nyc-okc-mashup/

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